- From Transforming or Reforming Capitalism - Chapter 3 - Lamb "Towards an Economic Theory of Community Economic Development": The chapter presents theoretical underpinnings for economic aspects of CED, and proposes that micro-economic theories support linkages of small scale econonmic organizations, linkages in community development. Next two economic rationales for subsidization of CED is presented. Next the fiscal impact of CED is analyzed, finally how individual community residents may or may not choose to participate in collective action.
- From Transforming or Reforming Capitalism - Chapter 3 - Lamb "Towards an Economic Theory of Community Economic Development": Self interest may interfere with successful collective action, but can be aggregated as others join a community. A lack of community leaders (who may already be employed), and more inclusive models of collective action that consider substinence and care, particularly from women, are final considerations.
- From Shared Space Chapter 1 - Reaching for Resilience: The opportunity cluster provides an investment in employment related skills. Activities and organizations stem from collective entrepreneurship, creation of development accounts, learning bonds, home ownership, and financial assets, and are guided by principals of democratic engagement and shared profit.
- From Transforming or Reforming Capitalism - Chapter 3 - Lamb "Towards an Economic Theory of Community Economic Development": Cohesiveness may not exist and may need to be created for collective action. An expectation exists that individuals respond to economic disadvantage by seeking gains through the political system. Those who have more to gain, such as job training or employment, are considered more likely to participate. Individuals weigh benefits of participating in collective actions against the costs of participation. Benefits include public and private benefits, personal satisfaction, actualization or entertainment, or concern for others.
- From MW150107 - Common Ground.pdf - Social Economy & CED: CED is a territorial approach to community development. Social economy is genre based enterprise development focused on enterprise development in the achievement of social goals, based on solidarity, autonomy, democratic decision making, individual and collective exercise of citizen | public]].
- From Transforming or Reforming Capitalism - Chapter 2 - Ghorayshi, Gradon, Kliewer "Towards a Social Theory in Community Economic Development: Idealizing Community in the Era of Globalization": Socio-economic theorists, civil society groups question capitalist imbalances and exclusion, instead favouring democraticization, sharing, cooperation, and ideals that favour collective well-being. Government, NGOs, academics have proposed remedial models: CED (a term mainly used in the West), is one of them.