- From Transforming or Reforming Capitalism - Chapter 3 - Lamb "Towards an Economic Theory of Community Economic Development": Staple theory is around diversification of an export base. Its backward linkages measure dependencies in the region - a restaurant purchasing local food and labour. Forward linkages measure output sold to other regional sectors. Demand linkage is a measure of how much investment in regional industry produces goods for consumption, investment or government purhcase by the export sector. clarify Leakage measures income flows leaving a community, for example through migratory workers, external input purchases, or externally owned enterprises. Linkages are multiplied by domestic production, and supply side expansion in labour, capital, entrepeneurship, and complementary input (eg technology).
- From MW150121 - Transformed by Community Economic Development.pdf: Southwest Montréal - from an industrial centre to poverty. PEP and RESO successful intervention through citizen engagement: socio-economic partners - organization must be composed of voting | vote | democracy | !democratic | election representatives of different sectors of the community (four from business, four from community based organization | community organization | community based organizations, two union Leader | lead | leading, two associate members known for their influence, board grew to include local institutions, residence and elected municipal officials), committees and forums, AGM; Collaboration: supporting key community projects, economic, employment and recreation tourist plans; employment support and advice to entrepreneur | entrepreneurship, maintain industrial zoning, networking between businesses, workshops for training, secondary school for adults developed with industrial | factory, unions and literacy organizations.
- From Shared Space - Chapter 4 - Supporting Sustenance: Local governance can focus on complex, long term plans, whereas communities must focus tactically due to lack of resources while using created governance. Coordination mechanisms, and comprehensive community initiatives, that encourage collaboration within integrated clusters of actions, government and the private sector, are required.
- From Transforming or Reforming Capitalism - Chapter 3 - Lamb "Towards an Economic Theory of Community Economic Development": To be price competitive, a CED must either increase scale and export or use subsidization by the public sector. Increased exports may result in a loss of self reliance, whereas subsidies benefit projects with backward and final demand linkages. Subsidy benefits are enhanced when mulitple projects are subsidized.
- From MW150126 - The Political Imperative.pdf: Shift required in community sector and social movements from opposition to proposition, from conservation to innovation in political discourse.
- From MW150102 - Editorial - The End of the Beginning.pdf: Emphasis since 2004 on celebrating; communicating (especially to English press/population); educate to senior civil servants, present at important meetings. Need to strengthen dialogue between CCEDNet, networks and movement with shared values goals, members including credit unions, women | Women's groups, Aboriginal and anti-poverty groups, Community Futures Development Corporations, union | unions movement, business | businesses sectors (especially those with social mandates); evaluate (specify strategy | strategies uses, eg capacity building, research not just for academically-led research projects, defining patient capital, is it meeting social economy enterprise needs, organizing for the right !Collaboration | collaboration | Partnership | partnership | synergistic | partner | collaborative - Québecers better prepared because of Foundation | foundation, for human capital, better integration of existing programs - 5-city demonstration project advocate by Learning Enrichment Foundation and CCEDNet, cost-benefit research for integrated, outcomes | Outcome | Outcomes-driven approaches. Looking to allies in Martin government; activate, Innovation | emerging | Emerging | modernization, agitate.
- From Shared Space Chapter 2 - Organizing for complexity: New leadership style are required to integrate different sectors. They must focus on relationships, constantly integrating new participants in a "leading between" style rather than pursuading followers and focusd on collaborative relationships using mutual respect rather than authority.
- From Shared Space Chapter 1 - Reaching for Resilience: The concept of clusters originated in research in the 1960swarning.pngThe date "1960s" was not understood., with Michael Porter's 1990swarning.pngThe date "1990s" was not understood. sector-based form, focused on geography, informal relationships, and supporting institutions. In the communities agenda framework, the social dimension of communities is the result of related geographic clusters that are synergistic networks of activity, which thrive due to proximity.
- From Shared Space - Chapter 4 - Supporting Sustenance: A 2004 Canadian Housing Framework proposal was collaboratively developed by six Saint John business and volunteer sector representatives, lead by the Mayor, non profits and other local stakeholders. The results exceeded what individual proposals would likely have accomplished.
- From Shared Space - Chapter 4 - Supporting Sustenance: Community infrastructure and individual capacity are used to address basic sustenance needs. The private sector, government and communities are involved in providing sustenance.