At the same time, in a similar effort to regain control over the local economy and to respond to collective and social needs, a new social economy started to develop in the old central districts of the city. Its first areas of development were to fulfill basic needs not covered by the public or the private sectors in the most impoverished neighbourhoods : housing, food, daycare services, legal aid, popular education, literacy training and socio-professional integration. Later on the social economy was seen as a genuine business development model and began to grow in a number of new “emerging” fields of activity: culture, tourism and leisure, environment, fair trade, services to the elderly, domestic maintenance, health services, alternate medias and new TIC, etc.
Essential characteristics of a social economy enterprise:
- Production of goods or services socially or collectively useful;
- Not controlled by government;
- Democratic governance involving users and workers;
- Pre-eminence of people and labour over capital;
- Community roots, empowerment and accountability.
Montreal southwest social economy organisations:
- Boulot vers
- De l'est
- SOS vélo
- Éditions du Remue-Ménage
- Cinema Beaubien
- Veilleés du Plateau
- In vivo bistro
- L’autre Montréal
- La Gaillarde
- Dix milles villages
- Nuits D’Afrique
- From MW150107 - Common Ground.pdf - Social Economy & CED: 4000 new social economic businesses in Quebec (2004).
- From MW150121 - Transformed by Community Economic Development.pdf: Southwest Montréal - from an industrial centre to poverty. PEP and RESO successful intervention through citizen engagement: socio-economic partners - organization must be composed of voting | vote | democracy | !democratic | election representatives of different sectors of the community (four from business, four from community based organization | community organization | community based organizations, two union Leader | lead | leading, two associate members known for their influence, board grew to include local institutions, residence and elected municipal officials), committees and forums, AGM; Collaboration: supporting key community projects, economic, employment and recreation tourist plans; employment support and advice to entrepreneur | entrepreneurship, maintain industrial zoning, networking between businesses, workshops for training, secondary school for adults developed with industrial | factory, unions and literacy organizations.
- From MW150102 - Editorial - The End of the Beginning.pdf: In February 2004 Martin !Indicator the language of Social economy | Social economies | social economic | socio-economic in a Throne Speech.
- From MW150126 - The Political Imperative.pdf: Social economies ( community sector): aim to serve their members/community, instead of just profit; not private or public; democratic and participatory for users and workers; priority to people and employment rather than Capital in the distribution of revenue and surplus; based on principals of participation, empowering | enabling, individual and collective responsibility.
- From MW150126 - The Political Imperative.pdf: 1996 Summit on the Economy and Employment. Chantier de l'économie sociale (task force for the social economy). Six months for job creation strategies.
- From Transforming or Reforming Capitalism - Chapter 3 - Lamb "Towards an Economic Theory of Community Economic Development": Attraction models use incentives and subsidies to industrialists, entrepeneurs or particular socio-economic groups, emphasizing "civic entrepenerialism" to make communities more attractive for entrepenerial success. It may be countered when other communities use similar tactics. CED uses subsidies and incentives, though it does not support changing the makeup of populations, though they may be enhanced.
- From MW150132 - New Synergies.pdf: 19th centurywarning.pngThe date "19th century" was not understood. England, Industrial Revolution worked against most people. Rochdale co-op formed in 1844. Co-ops the commerical/economic part of the social economy continuum.
- From MW150107 - Common Ground.pdf - Social Economy & CED: CED is a territorial approach to community development. Social economy is genre based enterprise development focused on enterprise development in the achievement of social goals, based on solidarity, autonomy, democratic decision making, individual and collective exercise of citizen | public]].
- From Concepts: * Chantier de l'économie sociale - 1996 Québec social economy network of networks, community-university
- From 503 notes from September 14, 2008: CED - social economy the "bottom line"
- From MW150137 - Going Glocal.pdf: Canada, Brazil, France, Belgium recognition of social economy.